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Topics - horserally33

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Education & Training / DOES MENTAL ILLNESS REALLY EXIST??
« on: May 13, 2013, 10:01:17 AM »
The latest edition of DSM, the influential American dictionary of psychiatry, says that shyness in children, depression after bereavement, even internet addiction can be classified as mental disorders. It has provoked a professional backlash, with some questioning the alleged role of vested interests in diagnosis.
It has the distinctly uncatchy, abbreviated title DSM-5, and is known to no one outside the world of mental health.

But, even before its publication a week on Wednesday, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, psychiatry's dictionary of disorders, has triggered a bitter row that stretches across the Atlantic and has fuelled a profound debate about how modern society should treat mental disturbance.

Critics claim that the American Psychiatric Association's increasingly voluminous manual will see millions of people unnecessarily categorised as having psychiatric disorders. For example, shyness in children, temper tantrums and depression following the death of a loved one could become medical problems, treatable with drugs. So could internet addiction.

Inevitably such claims have given ammunition to psychiatry's critics, who believe that many of the conditions are simply inventions dreamed up for the benefit of pharmaceutical giants.

A disturbing picture emerges of mutual vested interests, of a psychiatric industry in cahoots with big pharma. As the writer, Jon Ronson, only half-joked in a recent TED talk: "Is it possible that the psychiatric profession has a strong desire to label things that are essential human behaviour as a disorder?"

Psychiatry's supporters retort that such suggestions are clumsy, misguided and unhelpful, and complain that the much-hyped publication of the manual has become an excuse to reheat tired arguments to attack their profession.

But even psychiatry's defenders acknowledge that the manual has its problems. Allen Frances, a professor of psychiatry and the chair of the DSM-4 committee, used his blog to attack the production of the new manual as "secretive, closed and sloppy", and claimed that it "includes new diagnoses and reductions in thresholds for old ones that expand the already stretched boundaries of psychiatry and threaten to turn diagnostic inflation into hyperinflation"

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Heart Health & Diseases / Giant cell arteritis
« on: February 11, 2013, 09:29:39 AM »
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammation of the lining of your arteries . The blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Most often, it affects the arteries in your head, especially those in your temples. For this reason, giant cell arteritis is sometimes called temporal arteritis or cranial arteritis.

Causes:
- Headaches
- Jaw pain,
- Blurred or double vision.
- Blindness and, less often, stroke are the most serious complications of giant cell arteritis.

Treatment:
 Corticosteroid medications usually relieves symptoms of giant cell arteritis and may prevent loss of vision.

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When exposed to very cold temperatures, skin and underlying tissues may freeze, resulting in frostbite. The areas most likely to be affected by frostbite are your hands, feet, nose and ears.
If your skin looks white or grayish-yellow, is very cold and has a hard or waxy feel, you may have frostbite. Your skin may also itch, burn or feel numb. Severe or deep frostbite can cause blistering and hardening. As the area thaws, the flesh becomes red and painful.
=> Gradually warming the affected skin is key to treating frostbite. Put frostbitten hands or feet in warm water — 104 to 107.6 F (40 to 42 C). Wrap or cover other areas in a warm blanket.
=> Protect your skin from further exposure. If you're outside, warm frostbitten hands by tucking them into your armpits.
=> Protect your face, nose or ears by covering the area with dry, gloved hands. Don't rub the affected area and never rub snow on frostbitten skin.
=> Get out of the cold. Once you're indoors, remove wet clothes.
=> Don't walk on frostbitten feet or toes if possible. This further damages the tissue.
=>.If numbness or sustained pain remains during warming or if blisters develop, seek medical attention.

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Cancer / Myths and Facts About Breast Cancer!!
« on: February 11, 2013, 08:57:03 AM »
There are many myths about cancer that cause a lot of confusion which leads us to question what is true and to be believed and what should be ignored. If you come across any questions, you can address these issues to any doctor or health care professional.

Only women get breast cancer ??
Men too get breast cancer. According to statistics male breast cancer occurs in approx. 1 in 1 lakh.

Breast cancer is almost always fatal ??
Yes, breast cancer can cause death. But medical advancements have helped in the treatment of cancer. If detected early, breast cancer is definitely curable.

Positive attitude can cure breast cancer ??
There is no scientific proof suggesting that a positive attitude is adequate treatment for breast cancer. However, a positive attitude is important because it gives you a better perspective of the disease and helps you to lead a good quality life. Having a positive attitude will help you make goals, plan your life, and be more engaged in your treatment.

Surgery causes breast cancer to spread throughout the body ??
Treating breast cancer with surgery does not cause it to spread throughout the body. Surgery removes the malignant lump. At times, all the cancer cells cannot be removed with surgery, as they may be too small to detect. Thus surgery is followed by chemotherapy or radiation to ensure that any remaining cancer cells are destroyed. Surgery is an important part of treatment in some cases.

Breast cancer is always painful ??
Breast cancer is not always painful; but there may be painful episodes. Most cancers in the early stages, however, do not cause pain. Many times, because of painless lumps, women tend to ignore the possibility that they may have breast cancer.

Cancer is contagious ??
No type of cancer is contagious. However, certain viruses such as HPV or Hepatitis C virus are contagious and can cause cancer.

All information sources are accurate ??
All information sources are NOT accurate. It is important that you go to reliable source of information. Please consult your physician or counsellor and ask them to refer you to accurate sources of information.

All lumps are cancerous ??
All lumps are not cancerous. There are certain lumps that are benign. Once a lump is detected, it is very important that you get it checked by a doctor and get appropriate tests conducted. Whether a lump is malignant can be determined only after tests.

If parents have cancer, their children will definitely get cancer ??
If any parent or first-degree relative has cancer, there is a no guarantee that the child will develop cancer too. Some cancers such as breast, ovarian, and colon cancer are genetic. However, it does not definitely mean that one will develop any of these cancers. Having a genetic history of cancer only increases the chance or likelihood of risk.

Wearing antiperspirants and deodorant can cause breast cancer ??
According to various studies there is no conclusive evidence that wearing deodorant or antiperspirant can cause breast cancer. This cancer myth is by far one of the most popular among women.

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