Author Topic: What is ascites of the liver and its causes??  (Read 1381 times)

funsy

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What is ascites of the liver and its causes??
« on: March 23, 2013, 03:15:54 AM »
When the liver loses its ability to make the protein albumin, water accumulates in the legs (edema) and abdomen (ascites).
Anyone having cirrhosis in the advanced stage usually has the problem of fluid accumulating in the abdomen called ascites.
Diruetic medications such as Lasix and Spironolactone are typically prescribed to control the fluid. When medications no longer
work well enough to control it, then a paracentesis procedure can be done to drain the fluid.
« Last Edit: March 23, 2013, 03:24:44 AM by funsy »

funsy

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Re: What is ascites of the liver and its causes??
« Reply #1 on: March 23, 2013, 03:24:16 AM »
Causes of ascites are :

* Liver cirrhosis : Liver failure in which liver tissue that is damaged is replaced by scar tissue. Alcoholic liver disease or alcoholic hepatitis (iver inflammation), viral hepatitis (B or C), and fatty liver disease are the most common causes for cirrhosis.

* Acute liver failure : This may be due to any acute injury to liver cells including adverse reactions to medications or drug abuse (acetominophen overdose)

* Budd-Chiari syndrome : This is caused by the blockage of the hepatic veins (those that drain the liver). This causes the triad of ascites, abdominal pain, and hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen).

* Cancer: Cancer that has metastasized or spread to the liver can also be the source of ascites.
« Last Edit: March 23, 2013, 03:26:08 AM by funsy »