Author Topic: VARICOSE VEINS  (Read 1117 times)

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VARICOSE VEINS
« on: September 03, 2012, 08:05:58 AM »
Varicose veins are painful, swollen, twisted, and sometimes require surgical intervention. They are most common in women and frequently brought on by pregnancy, however genetics and lifestyle factors are also relevant.
Veins pump blood back to the heart, which means that leg veins are tasked with pumping blood upward, against gravity. Veins have natural leaflet valves to keep the blood moving in the right direction; in varicose veins, however, problems with the leaflets allow some of the blood to flow backwards, resulting in discomfort.

Symptoms :
-heaviness, aching, and sometimes pain in the legs
-Visible, enlarged veins
-Mild swelling of ankles
-Brown discoloration of the skin at the ankles
-Itching and redness of skin
-In severe cases skin ulcers near the ankle may seen

Causes of varicose veins :
-Age:The veins lose elasticity and weakens the veins when you get older.It may cause the blood to flow backward and forms blood pool.these veions enlarge and becomes varicose.
-Heredity: It may pass from parent or ancestors
-Pregnancy:Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in your body, but decreases the flow of blood from your legs to your pelvis, to support fetus,but it may leads to varicose veins.
-Obesity,Menopause are other factors which cause varicose.

How to prevent varicose?
Let’s take a look at some of the lifestyle changes you can make to prevent varicose veins:

*Sit and stand with care: To promote better circulation, maintain good posture and avoid crossing your legs when seated. Don't sit or stand for a long time, so take frequent breaks to stretch your legs.

*Use compression hose: Compression hose and socks are available both over-the-counter and by a doctor’s prescription. They apply pressure to the lower legs to help your veins pump blood upward toward the heart.

*Maintain a healthy lifestyle: By keeping your weight down and activity level up  such as swimming,cycling,walking have been shown to decrease your risk of developing varicose veins.

*In severe cases surgery is performed to remove varicose veins.Vein stripping is surgery to remove varicose veins in the legs,those having pain and skin ulcers.

*Noninvasive treatments for varicose veins do not involve surgery. Examples are: Sclerotherapy, Laser ablation, Radiofrequency ablation