Author Topic: Obesity-Complications  (Read 1205 times)

dfij

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Obesity-Complications
« on: July 01, 2012, 12:22:03 AM »
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated and may have an adverse health effect, leading to increased health problems and so on.It increases the various diseases such as heart disease,type 2 diabetes,cancer,osteoarthritis etc.It is caused by excessive food intake,lack of physical exercise,endocrine disorders,medications,genes.
The medical complications of obesity are:
1)Pulmonary disease:-abnormal function,sleep apnea,hypoventilation syndrome
2)Hypertension
3)Stroke
4)Cataracts
5)Coronary heart disease:-Diabetes,Hypertension,dyslipidemia
6)Gall bladder disease
7)Gynecologic abnormalities:-abnormal menses,polycystic ovarian syndrome
8)Osteoarthritis
9)Skin
10)Cancer:-Breast,uterus,cervix,esophagus,pancreas,kidney,prostate
11)Non alcoholic fatty liver:- Steatosis, Cirrhosis
12)Phlebitis:-Venous statis
Dieting and physical exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity.Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite & fat absorption. If diet, exercise and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume.