Author Topic: Diet plays an important role in treatment of tuberculosis - Basil Wellness  (Read 1179 times)

basilwellness

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Introduction
 Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a serious contagious bacterial infection mainly involving the lungs and may spread to other organs of the body. Many strains of tuberculosis can resist the effects of the drugs most commonly used to treat the disease.

Causes
Bacteria ‘Mycobacterium tuberculosis’ is the causative organism of tuberculosis. Susceptible person can easily catch tuberculosis once exposed.
The bacteria spread from one person to another through coughing, sneezing, laughing, talking, singing etc.
Substance abuse - Long-term drug or alcohol use weakens our immune system and makes us more vulnerable to tuberculosis.
Drug-resistant Tuberculosis
Underlying HIV infection


Risk factors
Elderly people
Advanced Age
Infants
Weakened immunity ( as in case of AIDS, chemotherapy etc)
Coming in frequent contact with patient
Poor nutrition
Living in crowded or unhygienic conditions
Lack of medical care
Substance abuse

Signs & Symptoms

Cough
Hemoptysis
Fever with night sweats
Fatigue
Weight loss
Difficulty in breathing
Chest pain
Wheezing
Clubbing of the fingers or toes (softening of nail bed)
Enlarged or tender lymph nodes in the neck or other areas
Unusual breath sounds (crackles)

Dietary Management..
Diet plays an important role in treatment of tuberculosis.
During the acute stage of illness when fever is high, high protein, high energy, and full fluid diet are given. As improvement occurs, this diet is progressed to a soft and then a regular diet.
Diet for a tuberculosis patient is essentially a normal diet with emphasis on proper selection of food.
Most patients have a poor appetite. Meals should be made simple, easily digestible, well prepared and tempting to encourage the patient to eat.
Force-feeding the patient to gain extra weight is known to be more harmful than advantageous. Too much food especially fat frequently causes gastric upsets and diarrhea.
All meals should have cereal - pulse combination with some amount of animal protein.
To give your body the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, it needs to fight active tuberculosis and regain your strength and stamina, so you need to eat a diet containing a variety of healthy foods, such as:
Leafy, dark-colored greens like kale and spinach, for their high iron and B-vitamin content.
Plenty of whole grains like whole wheat pastas, breads, and cereals.
Antioxidant-rich, brightly-colored vegetables, such as carrots, peppers, and squash, and fruits, like tomatoes, blueberries, and cherries.
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables every day to help you with the healing process.
Have only Unsaturated fats like vegetable or olive oil, instead of butter.
Try to reduce your salt intake and it is recommended only 1 tsp. of salt per day.
Potassium-rich foods should also be part of your diet such as bran cereal, bananas, and wheat germ.
Avoid tobacco.
Don't drink alcohol — it can add to the risk of liver damage from some of the drugs used to treat your TB.
Limit coffee and other caffeinated drinks.
Limit refined products, like sugar, white breads, and white rice.
Avoid high-fat, high-cholesterol red meat and instead load up on leaner protein sources like poultry, beans, tofu, and fish.

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Basil Wellness
Understanding Your Health