Diabetic Retinopathy.

Author Topic: Diabetic Retinopathy.  (Read 2001 times)

lacc

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Diabetic Retinopathy.
« on: October 28, 2012, 08:37:41 AM »
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common eye disease which is caused by damage to the blood vessels at the back part of the eye called retina.
It affects patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2 more than 10 to 15 years. It usually affects both eyes and can get worse and cause vision loss by time over. Chances are high in patients with the blood sugar level is not controlled or who has diabetes for a long time.

Diabetic retinopathy is classified as according to the stage early, advanced.
* Early /nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy: A new blood vessels form at the back of the eye, they can bleed (ocular hemorrhage) and blur vision.

* Advanced /proliferative diabetic retinopathy: It is severe and new abnormal blood vessels begin to grow in the retina.

Other problems may also develop such as
* Cataract:  cloudiness of the eye lens
* Glaucoma: increased pressure in the eye, damages the nerve that carries images from your eye to your brain.
* Macular edema: blurry vision due to fluid leaking into the area of the retina and begins to swell.
* Retinal detachment: - scarring that may cause part of the retina to pull away from the back of your eyeball

Symptoms :
Diabetic retinopathy have no symptoms early before major bleeding occurs in the eye.s ome of the common symptoms are
-Blurred vision
-vision loss
-spots/blood, Floating in your vision

Treatment such as drugs/ Laser/surgery is usually needed once you start growing new abnormal blood vessels.The best way to prevent from these is the management of diabetes,pressure and yearly dilated eye examination.

xymno

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Re: Diabetic Retinopathy.
« Reply #1 on: October 28, 2012, 08:45:03 AM »
It is the most common eye disease of diabetic people. If we not given attention at once can cause blindness to the person..
The complication is when the blood vessel swell and leak fluid and in some cases new blood vessel develop on the surface of the retina.
The retina should be kept healthy for good vision.

ahb

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Re: Diabetic Retinopathy.
« Reply #2 on: October 28, 2012, 08:56:16 AM »
Early Detection of Retinopathy Can Prevent Blindness. Early stage of retinopathy is treatable. If you have diabetes, you should have your eyes checked every year. If you have some difficulty seeing clearly, seek an eye specialist immediately. Good control of blood sugar levels, for instance through metformin use or lifestyle modifications, also prevents the onset and slows down the progression of retinopathy.