Author Topic: Jaundice-Different types,Symptoms  (Read 769 times)

lleps

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Jaundice-Different types,Symptoms
« on: September 03, 2012, 04:50:32 AM »
Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucus membrane that occurs when bilirubin(byproduct of old red blood cells) level increases above its normal limit( 5 mg/dl)..
The main causes of Jaundice is unsafe drinking water and it affects our liver. Liver removes the old blood cells, forming bilirubin.When liver didn't work properly then our blood circulation will affect and then our body looks yellow.
It can be diagnosed by urine analysis , stool analysis , serum analysis, bilirubin blood test and abdominal ultra sound. Liver function tests are done to diagnose and assesment of drugs in different types of jaundice.

Jaundice are of 3 types:
1. Pre-hepatic or hemolytic jaundice
Characterized by unconjucated hyperbilirubinemia.. Occurs due to increased rate of hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells), Certain genetic diseases, such as sickle cell anemia, spherocytosis, thalassemia and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency can lead to increased red cell destruction and leads to hemolytic jaundice.

2. Hepatocellular or hepatic jaundice
It can be caused by acute or chronic hepatitis, hepatotoxicity, cirrhosis, drug induced hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease.
Hepatotropic viruses such as hep.A,B,C,D,E.

3. Post-hepatic or obstructive jaundice
Post-hepatic jaundice, is caused by an interruption to the drainage of bile in the biliary system.Obstruction to bile flow at the level of common
bile duct may occur due to gall stones or tumors of bile duct pancreas or duodenum.Bile doesnt reaches the intestine ,the feces appear pale colour asociated with steatorrhea.


Symptoms are : Yellow color inside the mouth,skin&eyes, Pale or clay colored stool, Dark or brown colored urine, Fatigue, Vomiting, Headache..

Person with jaundice should eat only bland(Lacking flavor) diet... No oil,no spicy foods for one year. If ppl with jaundice eats oil or spicy food may lead to death also.